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Welcome toSpringhead Primary School

Welcome toSpringhead Primary School

Progression of Knowledge and Skills

 

KS1

KS2

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Locational Knowledge

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

 

 

Locating the UK

Look at the different countries of the UK and their location on a map.

 

London Landmarks

Texts and pictures of key London locations to match.

 

Free draw the UK and labelling location of Hull

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

 

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

 

 

 

Blank World map

Pupils use an atlas to name the world’s continents and oceans.

 

World jigsaw

Use mixed – up pictures to create a world map.

 

Free draw the UK and labelling the countries and oceans

 

Locate the main countries of Europe inc. Russia.

Identify capital cities of Europe.

 

Locate and name the countries making up the British Isles, with their capital cities.

 

 

Identify the position and significance of Equator, N. and S. Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

 

Free hand draw the continents labelling s & N America

Locate and name the continents on a World Map.

 

On a world map, locate areas of similar environmental regions, either desert, rainforest or temperate regions.

 

Locate and name the main counties and cities in/around Hull

 

Free hand draw the continents labelling all of them

 

 

Compare 2 different regions in UK rural/urban.

 

 

Linking with History, compare land use maps of UK from past with the present, focusing on land use.

 

Identify longest rivers in the world, largest deserts, highest mountains.

Compare with UK.

 

 

Free draw the UK and continents labelling the principle cities.

On a world map locate the main countries in Africa, Asia and Australasia/Oceania. Identify their main environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, and major cities.

 

Linking with local History, map how land use has changed in local area over time.

 

Name and locate the key topographical features including coast, features of erosion, hills, mountains and rivers. Understand how these features have changed over time.

Free draw the continents and labelling the countries lines of latitude major volcanoes and earthquakes.

Place Knowledge

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom.

 (Anlaby)

 

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country concentrating on islands and sea sides (India)

Day in the life - India

Discuss similarities and differences between life for a school child in Chembakolli India and in the UK

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.

(with significant differences and similarities. Eg. Link to Fairtrade of bananas in St Lucia (see Geography.org etc for free and commercially available packs on St Lucia focussing on Geography).

 

Factfile

Pupils use the internet to research human and physical features of a region / country and make travel agent style poster.

 

Food miles

Learn about the journey of a banana from Honduras to the UK

Compare a region of the UK with a region in Europe (Greece)

 

 

 

 

 

Factfile

Pupils use the internet to research human and physical features of a region / country and make travel agent style poster.

 

 

 

 

Identify the position and significance of latitude/longitude and the Greenwich Meridian. Linking with science, time zones, night and day

 

Factfile

Pupils use the internet to research human and physical features of a region / country and make travel agent style poster.

Human &Physical Geography

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

 

 Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

 key physical features, including:, forest, hill, mountain, soil, valley, vegetation,.

 key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office.

 

Interactive weather chart

Identify key features of UK weather (seasons)

 

Weather station and role play

Pupils present a fictional UK weather forecast

 

Weather word wall

Look at the different countries of the UK and their location on a map.

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Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

 key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather

 key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

 

Geography technical vocabulary

List of words on display.

 

Physical or human?

Pupils identify human or physical features using key words.

 

Weather station

Building on last year keep daily records of temp, wind direction, wind speed and precipitation. Discuss changes. Record each term and compare seasons over the year.

Describe and understand key aspects of:

Physical geography including Rivers and the water cycle, excluding transpiration.

 

Types of settlements in modern Britain: villages, towns, cities

 

Human geography including trade between UK and ROW

 

 

Human / physical

Look at images of local area and sort them into human and physical features.

 

 

 

 

 Human geography including trade links in the Pre-roman and Roman era.

 

Types of settlements in Early Britain linked to History. Why did early people choose to settle there?

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including coasts, rivers and the water cycle including transpiration; climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts. Brief introduction to Volcanoes and earthquakes

 

 

Types of settlements in Viking, Saxon Britain linked to History.

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including Volcanoes and earthquakes, looking at plate tectonics and the ring of fire.

 

climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts (link to work on Rainforest)

 

Distribution of natural resources focussing on energy (link with coal mining past History and eco-power in D&T)

Fair/unfair distribution of resources (Fairtrade).

 

 

Mountain ranges around the world

 

Information sheet summarising the different mountain ranges on each continent.  True or false statements children research answers.

Geographical Skills & Field work

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

 

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment in Anlaby

 

Classroom map

Pupils draw features of classroom to generate a map. (aerial view eg rectangle for table etc)

 

Scavenger hunt

Use a generated map to go around the school grounds hunting for treasure.

 

Mapwork

Pupils draw maps of their routes to school identifying landmarks they see on their way.

 

Creative

Make paper mache globes

Make compass

Direction games using compass points

 

        Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

 

Treasure map

Blank treasure map with compass points so pupils can make own trails.

 

Treasure hunt

Printed worksheet (on squared paper) with compass points for children to follow to find the treasure.

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Map symbol bingo

Children to identify map symbols as a matching game.

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied.

 

 

Use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

 

Using photographs

Observe satellite photos of local area. Discuss land –use types: parks, housing, industry, roads and farms

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

 

Learn the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Humber Bridge

 

Longest rivers

Pupils use atlases and online maps to identify the locations of 15 major world rivers.

 

Google Earth

Identify changes to Hull over time. Study aerial photographs taken over different years.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

 

Use the eight points of a compass,  four-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom  in the past and present.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

Maps and symbols pairs game

A revision and recap exercise covering the main symbols found on ordinance survey maps.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

 

Extend to 6 figure grid references with teaching of latitude and longitude in depth.

Expand map skills to include non-UK countries.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

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